The Tine Organ

The Tine Organ BackThe Tine Organ Close Up of Tines
This chromatic organ has a array of thin vertical tines, each coupled with a small MIDI controlled electromagnet. As the magnet pulses with modulation at a specific frequency, the pull and release of the tine causes it to resonate continuously with a particular tone. The Tine Organ is capable of producing 20 chromatic notes in full polyphony starting at middle C and can be used as an attachment to a standard keyboard or DAW. The body of the instrument is made out of mahogany and babinga and houses the soundboard as well as the mini microcontroller responsible for receiving the MIDI and regulating the software oscillators sending voltage to the magnets.

Classification: Lamellophone, Electronophone


Magnetic Membrane Cello

2015 – 2016 (See The Magnetosphere )

Red Magnetic Membrane Cello

Dual Magnetic Membrane Cello

Magnetically Actuated Membranophone

Magnetic Membrane Cello Board

This magnetically resonated membranophone is not struck or bowed instead it can be continually excited by an internal MIDI controlled electromagnet. The tin membrane resonates to a spectrum of frequencies. Because membranophones usually have an uneven frequency response, the firmware utilizes a varied PWM square wave to compensate for dead spots and hot spots in the chromatic scale. Volume control and microtonal intervals can be achieved as it receives MIDI CC messages and translates them to PWM and frequency values.

The tin drum is tightly fixed to the soundboard with a sound post wedged between the back of the tin and the back plate of the instrument in order to function like a second soundboard (similar to a cello). The intention is to amplify the front and back of the tin by encasing it in a larger box adding resonance and pushing more air to produce louder low frequencies.

Classification: Memebranophone, Electronophone



Viols are related to guitars and lutes utilizing tied on frets and horsehair bows. This version is updated with electromagnetic sustainers. The frets are etched from a PCB board and are flat. They act as switches when the string is pressed down. When contact is made, a frequency matching the note of the string is pulsed through the corresponding magnet (similar to the Tine Organ above). The neck is maple and the body is a gourd with a mahogany soundboard.

Classification: Chordophone, Electronophone



Seven string eGuitareGuitar close up of electromagnets and electronics
This seven-string guitar has feedback sustainers on the outer strings. The top string has a slightly different type of sustainer from the bottom due to its string thickness. For this reason each sustainer is optimized for its respective string. The body is hand carved from mahogany and the neck is a maple Stratocaster replacement neck.

Classification: Chordophone, Electronophone, Electrophone

Electric Lamellophone


Electric Thumb PianoElectric Thumb Piano Side ViewElectric Thumb Piano Prongs and PickupsNot all of my invented instruments come from the same conceptual space. Some are produced to address the question “what kind of new performance or sound can I make?” and some might be developed addressing the question “what kind of big and complex sounds can I get from a small instrument because I already have too much to transport to my next performance?”.

The initial design challenge for this instrument that I posed was to make a piano-like instrument that can produce several deep bass tones, arpeggios, and chords. I wanted something like a Fender-Rhodes the size of a shoebox. This electric lamellophone is unique in that it has a separate pickup for each prong more like an electric piano than the single pickup version most builders produce. This way each note reveals its full clarity and low-end response. The note layout is isomorphic similar to the Honer Guitarete.

Classification: Lamellophone, Electrophone

The Sympathetic Stringboard


Prepared Guitar String InstrumentThis instrument fell off the moving truck on the way to Brooklyn in 2005. I salvaged the hardware and I will probably rebuild it or make something similar someday.

The main objective was to make an acoustic electric version of a synth (sort of) at least that was the inspiration. What inspired me about the modular synth unit was the way that one module could effect other modules. Applied to acoustics, it was the notion of “sympathetics” that became the link between all of the modules on this board. Sympathetics in acoustic instrument design defines instruments with strings, tines, or membranes that resonate in relation to a moving part that is connected by a soundboard or bridge. (I.E. The drumhead on a banjo is sympathetic and offers a range of resonance, which makes it sound a particular way). When this moving part like a string being plucked for example reaches the fundamental frequency of a sympathetic part, the part will resonate as well. Each module has an electromagnetic pickup, including the dc motor powered hurdy-gurdy in the front, the bars in the middle, and the strings suspended above from the 12 inch bridge.


Classification: Lamellophone, Chordophone, Electrophone

Amplified Programmable Music Box


mb_4mb_3Homemade Discs for Modified Fisher Price Music Box
This modified Fisher Price music box is designed to playback interchangeable discs. In the hands of a hardware hacker, it becomes a very crudely programmable device as you can make your own discs out of CDs that fit perfectly on the turntable. I made several variations utilizing plastic bits, glue gun blobs, epoxy, felt, and wood. Most have been lost over the years but a few still remain. These days, I can laser cut my own very easily.

The other modification to this MB includes a magnetic pickup that I embedded under the tines. I happened to have saved one from an old spring reverb that works quite well. I also added a contact mic to the plastic membrane that the tines are coupled to internally. This provides two different sounds that can be combined or toggled at its output.

Classification: Lamellophone, Electrophone